The Institute of Plant Protection (IPP), Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), was established in August 1957. Based on Department of Plant Disease and Insect Pests and Department of Pesticide Science in North China Institute of Agricultural Sciences, IPP was founded as one of the five institutes first established in CAAS. It is a national non-profit scientific research institute that specializes in crop pest research, prevention, and control. In the evaluations organized by Ministry of Agriculture during the Eleventh Five-Year Plan, IPP ranked the second place in the comprehensive capacity and the first place in the major among all the agricultural research institutes in China. In 2012, 2013, and 2014, IPP ranked the first place in the per capita strength among all the institutes in CAAS.
There are 6 administrative departments in IPP: Department of general administration, Department of Human Resources, Department of Scientific Research Management, Department of International Cooperation and Graduate Student, Department of Achievement Transfer, Department of financial management. Capital construction office, Zhongbaolvnong S&T Group Company, Langfang Research Base for pilot studies, are also set up in IPP. There are 7 research departments in the institute: Plant Pathology, Agricultural Entomology, Pesticide Sciences, Biological Control, Biological Invasions, Weed & Rodent Sciences and Plant Protection in Grassland, Biotechnology for Plant Protection. IPP has been selected to be one of the pilot institutes in the first batch supported by the Agricultural Science and technology Innovation Program (ASTIP) in CAAS initiated in 2013 and 16 innovation teams are involved.
Currently, IPP has 229 employees, including 62 professors and 69 associate professors, 145 persons with PhD degree. Among them, there are 2 academicians of Chinese Academy of Engineering, 4 Distinguished Young Scholars awarded by National Natural Science Foundation of China. IPP has the authority of conferring Master and PhD degrees in Plant Pathology, Agricultural Entomology and Pest Control, Pesticide Science, Weed Science, Invasion Biology, GMO Safety, Biological Control, Agricultural Microbiology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. The institute offers a broad range of academic programs that lead to postgraduate degrees. Currently, there are 53 PhD supervisors and 120 Master supervisors. A working station for postdoctoral research of plant protection is set up as well and currently there are 37 postdoctoral researchers in the institute.
IPP has a sound system of scientific research innovation platform. It has national or ministerial key labs and international research platforms, including State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, National Agricultural Biological Security Science Center, National Center for International Research of Agricultural Bio-security, the Key Laboratory of Crop Integrated Pest Management (MOA), Laboratory of Risk Assessment on Biological Hazard Factor Influencing the Quality and Safety of Agricultural Products (MOA),Center for Management of Invasive Alien Species (MOA), MOA Inspection Test Center for Environmental Safety of GMO and Resistance of Plant (Beijing), MOA Supervision and Test Center for Pesticide Application Assessment (Beijing), MOA-CABI Joint Laboratory of Bio-safety, Sino-American Biological Control Laboratory, etc., and 8 field experimental stations.
In recent years, IPP has hosted and undertaken national major plant protection scientific and research programs for a long time and actively enhanced multidisciplinary coordination. It has published more than 100 books and 5,400 scientific research papers, won more than 290 scientific research achievements awards, including 5 National Awards for Science and Technology progress. “Integrated Management of Wheat Stripe Rust” won the first prize of National Prize for Progress in Science and Technology in 2012.
IPP places great importance on international exchanges and cooperation, and has made great achievements, therefore, IPP was named as “National Center for International Research of Agricultural Bio-security” by Ministry of Science and Technology in 2012. IPP has established long-term cooperative partnership in the frontiers of plant protection with institutions, universities and companies from more than 30 countries or international organizations around the world. These are mainly done through various collaborative programs and initiatives, such as scientific research projects, joint laboratories, visiting professors, academic visits, joint graduate training, bilateral workshops and international conferences, etc.
China Society of Plant Protection is affiliated to the institute. IPP publishes 2 academic journals in conjunction with the China Society of Plant Protection, Chinese Journal of Biological Control and Plant Protection.